تقدير الذات وعلاقته بالمشاركة السياسية لدى طلبه الجامعه بغزة

هدفت الدراسة لمعرفة العلاقة بين تقدير الذات والمشاركة السياسية ، ومعرفة الفروق بين الطلاب والطالبات فى المشاركة السياسية وتقدير الذات ، وتكونت عينة الدراسة من (228) طالبأ وطالبة من جامعة القدس المفتوحة بغزة . إستخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفى ، إستخدم الباحث مقياس تقدير الذات إعداد/احمد صالح 1995، مقياس المشاركة السياسية إعداد/ شعبان الحداد2006، مقياس المستوى الإقتصادى والإجتماعى إعداد / محمود أبو النيل2006.
و توصلت الدراسة إلى النتائج التالية :
- لا توجد علاقة ذات دلالة إحصائية بين تقدير الذات والمشاركة السياسية لدى أفراد العينة.
- لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في المشاركة السياسية تعزى لتقدير الذات (منخفض – مرتفع)، بمعنى أن أصحاب التقدير الذاتي المرتفع و المنخفض لديهم نفس المستوى من المشاركة السياسية .
- توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في المشاركة السياسية تعزى لجنس الطلبة (ذكور - إناث)، حيث كانت لصالح الذكور، فهم أكثر مشاركة سياسياً من الإناث الطالبات.
- توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في المشاركة السياسية تعزى للمستوى الاقتصادي للطلبة(منخفض – متوسط - مرتفع)،فأصحاب المستوى الإقتصادى المرتفع هم الأكثر مشاركة سياسياً من المتوسط والمنخفض .
- لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين متوسطي درجات مجموعتي الذكور والإناث من أفراد عينة الدراسة في تقدير الذات، حيث إنّ الطلبة ( الذكور والإناث ) لديهم نفس المستوى من تقدير الذات .
- توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في تقدير الذات تعزى للمستوى الاقتصادي للطلبة (منخفض – متوسط - مرتفع)، حيث إنً مرتفعي المستوى الاقتصادي والاجتماعي هم أكثر تقديراً لذواتهم من منخفضي ومتوسطي المستوى الاقتصادي والإجتماعى .

Title in English: 
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF- ESTEEM &POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN Al QUDS OPEN UNIVERCIY STUDENT S in GAZA STRIP
Abstract in English: 
Introduction : This study is an attempt to be a link in the link between allocated psychology and political science, it is looking for political participation in the psychological dimension to the policy community to enjoy in their daily lives, which makes them fall under the Political Psychology. The importance : The importance of the study lies in its attempt to know the relationship between each of the self-esteem and political participation among a sample of Palestinian society but they are university students, the difficult political conditions of the existence of the Israeli occupation and try to get rid of it compels us to examine the extent and effectiveness of community participation in the conduct of its affairs, value everyone in society is determined by its respect for the flag and its contribution to the conduct of things together, and also that the studies in the field of political psychology, which lies in the framework of this study few studies on the knowledge of the researcher, the researcher hopes to contribute to the study of a small brick in the edifice of political psychology. The Aims : Where lies the importance of the study are as follows : - Complete ongoing researchers in the field of political psychology, a new addition to the scientific research, to know and understand the problems of society and try to solve them. - Identify the nature of the relationship between self-esteem and political participation among university students in the variables of sex, economic and social levels, to know the psychological them. - As well as having failed to study self-esteem with political participation in the Palestinian environment, and to the knowledge of the researcher. Hypotheses: 1. There are no statistically significant relationship between self-esteem and political participation in the sample 2. There are no statistically significant differences in political participation due to self-esteem (low-high). 3. There are no statistically significant differences in political participation due to the sex of students (male-female). 4. There are no statistically significant differences in political participation attributable to the economic level of students (low-medium-high). 5. There are no statistically significant differences in self-esteem due to the sex of the students (male-female). 6. There are no statistically significant differences in self-esteem due to the economic level of students (low-medium-high). Sample: Selection of a simple random sample of students from the Rafah area educational Quads Open University provinces of Gaza, and the number of the sample (240) students, of whom responded to the study measurements (228) response rate of 95.0%, at (124), students (104) student, the average age of 23.44 years. Tools: Use the following tools researcher with the variables of the study : 1. Self-esteem inventory . 2. Political participation inventory . 3. Socio-economic Level form . Statistical Methods: The researcher used statistical methods following: 1. Correlation coefficients (Pearson) 2. Means and standard deviation. 3. T.Test. 4.Analysis of variance. 5. One-Way Anova. . The Results: Resulted in the most important results of the study as follows : 1. No statistically significant relationship between self-esteem and political participation in the sample. 2. No statistically significant differences in political participation due to self-esteem (low-high), meaning that the owners of high self-esteem and have the same low level of political participation. 3. There are statistically significant differences in political participation due to the sex of students (male-female), where she was in favor of males, they are more political participation by female students. 4. There are statistically significant differences in political participation attributable to the economic level of students (low-medium-high), the holders of high economic level are more political participation from middle and low. 5. No statistically significant differences between the two groups of middle grades male and female members of the study sample in self-esteem, as the students (male and female) have the same level of self-esteem. 6. There are statistically significant differences in self-esteem due to the economic level of students (low-medium-high), as the portable economic and social levels are more appreciative of themselves from the low - and middle-level Economic and Social Council.

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